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Marine Conservation Finance: the need for and scope of an emerging field

This paper reviews the state of marine conservation funding, identifies associated challenges, and recommends possible ways forward. It identifies five challenges: 1) funding for marine conservation is inadequate in terms of the size, duration, and diversity of revenue, 2) finance mechanisms are under-developed and under-utilised, 3) finance is often disconnected from conservation planning, 4) the environmental side-effects of economic activity increase the gap in global conservation funding, and 5) few individuals and programmes specialise in marine conservation finance and integrate its disparate lines of thinking. It proposes five solutions: 1) financial strategies for marine conservation, 2) increased research on and development of finance mechanisms, 3) integration of financial planning into conservation planning, 4) engagement of businesses in reducing the gap in conservation funding for marine ecosystems, and 5) definition, focus, and specialists for the emerging field of marine conservation finance. Multi-sector and interdisciplinary collaboration is essential to reduce the marine conservation-funding gap and sustain marine ecosystem services.


» English (File size: 1012.49 KB)

Author(s): Melissa Bos, Robert L. Pressey, Natalie Stoeckl
Wednesday, Jul 1st 2015
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Sourcebook of opportunities for enhancing cooperation among the biodiversity- related conventions at national and regional level

The Sourcebook provides an overview of the possibilities for enhancing the coherent implementation of the biodiversity-related conventions within five thematic areas (National Reporting and Information Management; Science-Policy Interface; Capacity Building; The Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 2011-2020, the Aichi Biodiversity Targets and NBSAPs and; Financial resource mobilisation and utilisation ) and through institutional arrangements. It is intended as a guidance document for country actors and highlights case studies of cooperation among national focal points and agencies responsible for implementing the conventions.


» English - Full Document (File size: 15.68 MB)
» Résumé Exécutif (Français) (File size: 210.49 KB)
» Resumen Ejecutivo (Español) (File size: 200.87 KB)
» الملخص التنفيذي (File size: 410 KB)
» управляющее рез& (File size: 225.38 KB)
» 执行摘要 (File size: 248.62 KB)

Author(s): United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Sunday, May 31 2015
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Revaluing Ecosystems: Pathways for Scaling up the Inclusion of Ecosystems Value in Decision Making

Ecosystems provide essential services to society, from pollination and filtering of pollution to climate and water regulation. These services are often treated as though they have no value, with ecosystems too frequently managed for short-term gain at the expense of broader, longer-term societal benefits. There is an increasing array of tools to evaluate the tradeoffs associated with these developments, as well as a growing body of ecosystem service assessments which highlight the changes in value. Efforts to incorporate ecosystem values in decision making are growing – through partnerships, in government, and in the private sector. This issue brief highlights barriers, opportunities, and pathways to broader consideration of ecosystem services in decision making.


» English (File size: 482.22 KB)

Author(s): Lauretta Burke, Janet Ranganathan and Robert Winterbottom (Editors) - World Resources Institute (WRI)
Monday, Apr 20 2015
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No Net Loss and Net Positive Impact Approaches for Biodiversity: Exploring the potential application of these approaches in the commercial agriculture

The study examines, for the first time, how commercial agriculture and forestry production could reduce global biodiversity loss by applying innovative approaches already used by some companies in the extractive and infrastructure industries.


» English (File size: 2.88 MB)

Author(s): IUCN’s Global Business and Biodiversity Programme
Thursday, Apr 16 2015
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The Bottom Line: Taking Stock of the Role of Offsets in Corporate Carbon Strategies

In 2013, CDP-reporting companies purchased 50.3 million offsets. This is equivalent to not burning 117 million barrels of oil, or shutting down 13 coal-fired power plants for one year. But it still represents less than 1% of reporting companies’ 2013 emissions not reduced by other means. This report explores offsetting from a business perspective, exploring how companies incorporate offsetting into comprehensive carbon management strategies – and how they drive investment in these emissions reductions activities.


» English (File size: 1.66 MB)

Author(s): Allie Goldstein (Ecosystem Marketplace)
Sunday, Mar 15 2015
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Building Inclusive Green Economies in Africa

This report summarizes the key findings of a series of assessment reports recently carried out by the Green Economy in Africa project supported by the European Union and led by the United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) in close collaboration with national partners. While each country is forging its own pathway, the report presents an array of examples that show how countries at the forefront of this transition recognize the potential of shifting to a green, low carbon and inclusive economy. Building on a strong endowment of natural resources, skills and cultures, Africa is well-poised to benefit from a global shift to more sustainable models of economic growth.


» English (File size: 16.06 MB)

Author(s): United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP)
Thursday, Mar 5 2015
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Getting Financed 9 tips for community joint ventures in tourism

Many community joint venture partnerships contain high levels of risk and that this risk usually is too high for banks to assume. It could be reduced to more acceptable levels in a number of ways—notably through better market-orientation and a more competitive enabling environment. This guide provides nine tips for all actors involved in this arena—including governments, the private sector, communities, banks, and nongovernmental organizations—to reduce risk and greatly improve joint ventures’ access to commercial finance.


» English (File size: 3.68 MB)

Author(s): The World Bank Group (WBG) and World Wildlife Fund (WWF)
Sunday, Nov 30 2014
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Investing in Conservation: A landscape assessment of an emerging market

A new first-ever survey of conservation impact investing reveals a market of approximately $23 billion across just the last five years, and finds that investments in this space are expected to more than triple over the next five years (2014-2018). However, the report also finds that a substantial amount of potential private capital has not been deployed, demonstrating a need for a significant increase in the number of risk-adjusted investment opportunities.


» English (File size: 5.52 MB)

Author(s): EKO Asset Management Partners and The Nature Conservancy's NatureVest
Monday, Nov 10 2014
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The BIOFIN Workbook: A Tool to Mobilize Financial Resources for Biodiversity and Development

The goal of the BIOFIN (The Biodiversity Finance Initiative) Workbook is to enable partner countries to transform the trajectory of biodiversity, finance and development, and to chart a pathway to a sustainable future.


» English (File size: 2.62 MB)
» Español (File size: 4.52 MB)
» Français (File size: 2.86 MB)

Author(s): BIOFIN (UNDP)
Tuesday, Oct 14 2014
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Integrated Governance: A New Model of Governance for Sustainability

The focus of this report is to identify corporate governance practices that could promote a durable culture of sustainability within corporations. As companies increasingly recognize the need to develop a sustainable strategy, where sustainability issues are integrated into the core of the business model, a respective need is created for a governance model that is able to supervise the formulation and execution of such a strategy.


» English (File size: 3.11 MB)

Author(s): UNEP FI
Sunday, Jun 15 2014
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Conservation Finance Moving beyond donor funding toward an investor-driven approach

This report shows existing unexploited private sector investment opportunities to increase conservation finance and deliver maximum conservation impacts while, at the same time, generating returns for investors. In order to develop appropriate financing structures and ensure that private sector conservation finance results in measurable conservation outcomes, financial institutions and non-governmental organizations must experiment and define their respective roles and approaches.


» English (File size: 2.28 MB)

Author(s): Credit Suisse AG, World Wildlife Fund, Inc. & McKinsey & Company
Wednesday, Jan 15 2014
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Social Impact Bonds: Using Impact Investment to Expand Effective Social Programs

This article focuses on how impact investors in SIBs can help drive improved performance in the U.S. social sector while providing growth capital to effective nonprofit or social enterprises.


» English (File size: 144.64 KB)

Author(s): Luther Ragin, Jr. e Tracy Palandjian
Tuesday, Apr 16 2013
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Reshaping contracts for quality natural resource investments

Investment contracts are agreements between an investor and a host state that set the terms of an investment project. Together with applicable national and international law, these contracts define the way risks, costs and benefits are distributed.


» English (File size: 182.05 KB)

Author(s): IIED
Saturday, Mar 09 2013
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The Conservation Investment Landscape

This presentation represent work done for two large US-based foundations seeking to invest in sustainable natural resource investment opportunities aligned with their programmatic objectives. The presentation focuses on representative land and freshwater conservation opportunities.


» English (File size: 2.39 MB)

Author(s): Imprint Capital Advisors
Friday, Mar 1st 2013
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To No Net Loss and Beyond: An Overview of the Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme

This document aims to help those wishing to consider and develop best practices related to the mitigation hierarchy.

Author(s): Business and Biodiversity Offsets Programme
Saturday, Jan 26 2013
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